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EXAMINING THE SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT PLANNING IN MINNA METROPOLIS USING GIS AND REMOTE SENSING

 

Abstract

The volume of traffic generated by land-use pattern varies during different periods of the day but there is usually a predictable pattern of such traffic volumes. Most often, the structure of urban land-use fails to provide easy and convenient traffic movement, which in the case of the study area is usually that of vehicles and pedestrian traffic. The fact is that Minna is presently experiencing rapid urban growth. Both the authorities and citizens seem to simply ignore this and its impact on human existence. The research is based on Road Traffic Network Analysis in Minna, to develop a road network map and determine the causes of Traffic Congestion in Kpakungu specifically. Quickbird satellite imagery was used in analyzing and mapping out the existing road network within the study area. Field survey aspects involving measuring of roads, traffic count, coordinates captured were also undertaken. It was discovered that the causes of the traffic pressure in the study area was as a result of the relocation of Federal University of Technology, Minna to its permanent site in Gidan Kwanu and the relocation of National Examination Council(NECO) Headquarter. Majority of the traffic pressure in the area were as a result of vehicles coming from Maikunkele, Bosso, Maitumbi, Minna central, Dutsen Kura, Chanchaga, Tunga, Sahuka-kahuta and Barikin-Sale going to Bida, Gidan-Kwanu or NECO office. It was concluded that alternative roads should be provided for vehicle diversion to limit the congestion of traffic on the road.

 

Keywords: Minna, Niger State, GIS, Remote Sensing, Land Surface Characteristics


CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1 STUDY BACKGROUND

Movements of people, goods and information have always been fundamental components of human societies. Contemporary economic processes have been accompanied by a significant increase in mobility and higher levels of accessibility. Traffic in an urban area is necessitated by the need for various parts to relate with one another. The volume of traffic generated varies during different periods of the day but there is usually a predictable pattern of such traffic volumes. Inconvenient traffic movement generates many problems such as unnecessary longer travel times, environmental pollution, crime, emotional and psychological stress (Leke, 2007).

 Transport system has great influence and impact on the regional pattern of development, economic viability, and environmental impact and on maintaining socially acceptable level of quality of life. Adequate transportation services ensure the growth and well-being of an area.

The purpose of urban planning is to provide transportation services to all locations.

 

1.1.1 TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT

Planning is a systematic approach to analyze and answer social, physical, and economic problem of certain areas. Planning agencies deal with factor influencing the quality of life and also employ several professionally trained planners specialized in different fields including land use, hydrology, housing, transportation, remote sensing and geographic information system. The efficient planning and management of a country transport system is the key to providing a proficient transport network. Transport systems should ensure mobility and accessibility at an acceptable level of safety and comfort in an environment for the movement of people and goods. The improvement of roads and transport infrastructure is vital to the economic development.

     An efficient transport system provides mobility of people and goods. In addition to this, it encourages patterns of goods and economic activities like providing access to remote communities. The inter-modal Surface Transport Efficiency Act of 1991(ISTEA)changed many of the processes and procedures traditionally used in transportation planning.

  1.1.2 GIS AND TRANSPORTATION PLANNING

 Because information about transportation is of vital interest in our daily lives, management systems based on information technologies were required and the use of Geographic Information System(GIS) became important.

       GIS is one of the fastest growing technologies of present time which provides information on location, spatial interaction, and geographic relationship of various facilities. These facilities can be viewed and assessed. GIS make information valuable to a wide range of public and private enterprises for explaining events, predicting outcomes, forecasting for the future and planning strategies.

         The concept of using GIS has been proven valuable for real world problems from tracking location of vehicles, bus stop locations, and mapping of transport network and improve decision making process in the planning of transportation.

 

 

or link specific capacity, GIS is proving to be valuable transportation management and modeling platform (Nyereges,1995).

As a toolbox, GIS allows planners to perform spatial analysis using geo˗processing functions such as map overlay, connectivity measurement and buffering (Berry,1987).

PROBLEM STATEMENT

  In this research, road congestion is studied as the major problem in transportation planning and management in Minna metropolis.

AIM OF RESEARCH

The aim of the research is to solve the problem of traffic congestion at Kpakungu. OBJECTIVE

The objectives include:

1)     Mapping out the existing road network within and around Kpakungu area in Minna

2)     Obtaining the geospatial related attribute information, such as road name, road network, traffic volume, etc. for each of the roads

3)     Using satellite image to map out the congestion area

4)     Finding alternative route to take in order to bypass traffic congestion on the major road.

JUSTIFICATION

This study will explores the use of remote sensing classification technique and other auxiliary data to determine LULCC for a period of 16 years (2005-2020). The LULCC types identified were quantitatively evaluated using the change detection approach from results of maximum likelihood classification algorithm in GIS. Accuracy assessment results were evaluated and found to be between 56 to 98 percent of the LULC classification. The change detection analysis revealed change in the LULC types in Minna from 2005-2020. Built-up area increases from 74.82ha in 1976 to 116.58ha in 2016. The volume of traffic generated by land-use pattern varies during different periods of the day but there is usually a predictable pattern of such traffic volumes. Most often, the structure of urban land-use fails to provide easy and convenient traffic movement, which in the case of the study area is usually that of vehicles and pedestrian traffic. The fact is that Minna is presently experiencing rapid urban growth. Both the authorities and citizens seem to simply ignore this and its impact on human existence.

 

 

SCOPE AND LIMITATION

Minna is the capital city of Niger State, largely populated because of the commercial activities going on within the town. Considering the fact that Minna is the capital, one should expect the influx of civil servants into the city. Both State and Federal Government workers within the state will most likely reside in the city for easy access to their different places of work.

 In 2007 the population of Minna was estimated to be 304,113 and it is growing steadily. Minna is in west central Nigeria and is the headquarters of Chanchaga Local Government Area. Traffic and transportation problem in Minna capital city of Niger State have become grave matters of concern to the government. A strategic planning of transport systems will alleviate these problems to a greater extent. Transportation planning process consists of analysis of interaction between supply in the form of existing facilities and the demand in the form of traffic load. It also involves forecasting for the future and evaluation of the alternatives arrived at the planning stage (Garba,2002).

The fact is that Minna is presently experiencing rapid urban growth. Both the authorities and citizens seem to simply ignore this and its impact on transportation. High population density, the bumps put by people of that area, narrow route, high vehicular movement at the peak hours because of the schools located in that route, hawkers along the route, motor parks along the route, road works, as well as trucks and vehicle stopping by the road side to offload goods are all causes of traffic congestion in that route.

The effects of these are parking problems, long delays to and from work, less productivity from employees, accident due to frustration or anger due to traffic jams, pollution as a result of car emission, and less attractive place to live. This research seeks to find out possible solutions for solving the traffic congestion of this area.

 PHYSIOGRAPHY OF STUDY AREA

LOCATION OF STUDY AREA

The study area, Minna city, capital of Niger state, west-central Nigeria. It the home of two major ethnic groups: Nupe and the Gbagyi. The town is a major collecting point for agricultural products, including peanuts (groundnuts), cotton, yams, and shea nuts these remain the major exports, also pigs are transported by rail to Lagos (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2009). Local trade among the population is mainly in sorghum, yams, corn (maize), millet, peanuts, cotton, shea nuts, tobacco, kola nuts, cattle, goats, chickens, and guinea fowl. The town is known for its woven and dyed cotton cloth, raffia mats and baskets, pottery, and brass ware. Modern industry includes a brick-making plant. There is a marble quarry nearby. Since becoming the capital of Niger state in 1976, Minna has developed as an administrative centre as well. It has teacher-training colleges and a hospital. It is also the radio broadcasting centre for the state and is a hub for local roads serving the southern part of the state (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2009). Minna has an estimated population of 304,113 in 2007. It shares border with Paikoro to the East and Katcha to the South also shares borders with Wushishi and Gbako to the west (Simon, Duntoye, & Oyewole, 2018).

 

Geographical Location and Size

It is located between 9o41’6.3’’N, 6o30’0’’E and 9o35’7.7’’N, 6o36’34’’E and it is situated at elevation 243 meters above sea level. Minna is estimated to occupy a land mass of about 6,784SqKm (Simon, Duntoye, & Oyewole, 2018)

 

Figure1.1: Study Area (Minna Metropolis, Niger State, Nigeria)

Climate

Temperature

Minna city has a tropical climate, according to Koppen and Geiger, the climate is classified as Aw. The city experience an annual average temperature of 27.5C, throughout the year temperature varies by 5.2C. The temperatures are highest in March with an average of 30.5C and lowest in August with an average of 25.3C (Climate Minna).

Rainfall

 The least amount of rainfall occurs in the month of January, the average rainfall in this month is 1mm. Most of the precipitation occurs in month of September with an average rainfall of 260mm.The variation in precipitation between the driest and the wettest months is 259mm and an annual average rainfall of 1229mm. Rainfall is experience during the summer months which begins from April and ends in October ranging from 61-272mm, with an annual rainfall of 1210mm. The highest amount of rainfall is usually received from July through September in every year (Climate Minna).

Transport

 Minna is connected cities such as Abuja, the capital of Nigeria by road about 150km. Minna is also connected to both Kano in the north, Ibadan and Lagos in the south by railway. Minna also have an International Airport that serves the state.

Vegetation

Minna lies in the middle belt of Nigeria and falls in the temperate humid region which lies with the tropical hinterland and Guinea savannah zone of Nigeria (Simon, Duntoye, & Oyewole, 2018)Guinea savanna characterised by grasses with scattered trees and shrubs; trees are shorter and thorny. Minna lies on lowland and shares border with Paida hill stretching eastward towards Maitumbi which is essentially savannah and suitable for farming.

GET COMPLETE WORK

Pages: 34

Format: MS-WORD

Chapters: 1-5 (Complete)





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